What Are Heavy Commercial Vehicles?

Heavy Commercial Vehicle

Heavy Commercial Vehicles have long been regarded as among the best trucks. Heavy trucks are widely used by industry owners in India for a variety of applications. A heavy commercial vehicle (HCV) is one that has a GVW of more than 40 tons. Heavy-duty commercial trucks transport heavy commodities such as steel, cement, and fertilizer. As a result, heavy commercial vehicles represent the highest volume and value segment of the Indian trucking industry.

The HCV vehicles segment includes haulage, multi-axle, tipper, and tractor-trailer vehicles with GVWs ranging from 18.5T to 55T. Heavy-duty trucks in India are used for a variety of purposes, including long-distance distribution, bulk cargo transportation, closed container, flatbed trailer, mining & construction tippers, and tractor-trailer for over-dimension cargo movement.

With the lion’s share of the market, two top domestic players—Tata Motors and Ashok Leyland—dominate this segment. However, players such as Eicher, BharatBenz, Mahindra Truck, and Buses are aggressively expanding into the critical segment, escalating competition.

Key Takeaways

  • In terms of value and volume, the medium and heavy commercial vehicle segment of the truck market in India is the most significant.

  • As a result, the HCV vehicles segment is fiercely competitive, as well as a key battleground for truck manufacturers. The segment includes trucks with GVWs ranging from 19T to 55 T.

  • The massive trucks help steer the wheels of the Indian economy by transporting heavy cargo across the country. 

  • This segment has been dominated for decades by two domestic truck brands: Tata Motors and Ashok Leyland. Given the segment’s growth potential, other key brands such as Eicher, Mahindra Trucks and Buses, and BharatBenz are vying for market share from the leaders by offering equally efficient trucks.

Best-Selling Heavy Commercial Vehicles in India 

Tata LPT 4225 Cowl

Tata LPT 4225 Cowl Truck is built with cutting-edge technological solutions that deliver exceptional performance. This HCV vehicle produces 950 Nm of torque, making it suitable for a wide range of applications. It also has a 365 Ltr. fuel tank capacity and 14 tyres, making it a heavy-duty diesel truck.

Tata Signa 4825.T

Tata Signa 4825.T Truck Plus is a commercial vehicle in the HCV vehicles Range. It is equipped with a Cummins ISBe 6.7L CRDI TCIC engine for trouble-free operation. Furthermore, this Heavy Commercial Vehicle has a GVW of 47500 and a fantastic top speed.

Ashok Leyland 5525

The Ashok Leyland 5525 Tractor has 6900 lengths, 2570 widths, and a height of 3110 MM. It comes with the most powerful heavy-duty truck tyres, 295/90R20 – 16 PR front tyres and 295/90R20 – 16 PR rear tyres.

BharatBenz 4228R

In the heavy commercial Trucks market, the BharatBenz 4228R truck has a distinct fan base. It has a fuel tank capacity of 310 ltr and 14 tyres. Furthermore, this heavy commercial vehicle produces 1100 pounds of torque, which is sufficient for a variety of tasks.

Mahindra Blazo X 46

The Mahindra Blazo X 46 Tractor plus is equipped with a mPower 7.2 Litre FuelSmart engine for trouble-free operation. The heavy-duty commercial truck has a fuel tank capacity of 415 ltr and 18 tyres.


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Ans. A heavy-duty truck is also known as a straight truck or, more simply, a truck. Heavy-duty straight trucks transport their load without the use of a trailer. Some dump trucks, garbage trucks, concrete mixers, and other construction vehicles may be classified as straight trucks. When a vehicle pulls a trailer, the heavy-duty truck’s portion at the front is known as a tractor, and heavy-duty trucks are also referred to as a tractor-trailer rig.

Ans. According to the Heavy Vehicle National Law (HVNL), a heavy vehicle is one that has an aggregate trailer mass (ATM) or gross vehicle mass (GVM) of more than 4.5 tonnes. A vehicle’s GVM, as specified by the manufacturer, is the most it can weigh when fully loaded.

  • 1. semi-trailers
  • 2. B-double cargo vehicles
  • 3. train roads
  • 4. a bus for passengers
  • 5. vehicle transport
  • 6. livestock and other farming machinery
  • 7. mobile cranes and other vehicles used for specific purposes.

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