Truck Review

What is the difference between LCV and HCV?

Flat Container Truck

Did you know, the Indian transportation system demands 4.6 billion tonnes of goods to be moved annually? This costs around INR 9.5 lakh crores. And the lion’s share of freight transportation, at 71%, is handled by road transport.  

If you are someone in the business requiring transportation of goods, then this piece of information is just what you need! We will take you through commercial vehicles,  their types – HCV and LCV, and their differences, etc.

What is a Commercial vehicle?
A Commercial vehicle is a vehicle used for the transportation of goods or materials.

The main types of commercial vehicles include – tippers, Trucks, Trailer trucks, Mini trucks, Pickup vans, Transit mixers, etc

While commercial vehicles come in a range of sizes, from small three-wheeled goods carriers to large trucks, in this article, we will be focusing on two categories: HCV and LCV.

  • India’s commercial vehicle market was valued at INR 801 billion in 2020. It is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 8.02% between 2021 and 2026. (Source)
  • As of 2020, there are 7.1 million commercial vehicles in India. (Source)

You may ask that a major question remains – What kind of commercial vehicle should I go for? LCV or HCV? Which fuel to use and when?

Sit back and Relax. Let us take you through this voyage.

Let us first understand what is LCV and HCV.

So, what is LCV?

LCVs (Light Commercial Vehicles) are vehicles that –

  • have a gross vehicle weight (GVW) of up to 7.5 tonnes. 
  • are more compact.
  • have a lower carrying capacity.
  • are highly efficient and cost-effective.
  • can be easily manoeuvred on congested city roads.

LCVs are typically used for intra-city and inter-city transportation of goods and passengers.

And, HCVs (Heavy Commercial Vehicles)  are vehicles that –

  • have a  gross vehicle weight (GVW) of more than 3.5 tons.
  • is a larger category of commercial vehicles
  • are designed to transport heavier loads
  • are built to carry more goods and materials over long distances.
  • are used for intercity and interstate transportation of goods.

HCVs are generally preferred for long-distance transportation and for carrying heavier loads.

To summarise, LCVs are smaller and lighter, while HCVs are larger and heavier commercial vehicles. 

HCV vs LCV: Differences

Let’s compare HCV and LCV in India for informed commercial vehicle buying decisions with our table of key characteristics for understanding the difference between HCV and LCV.

Key CharacteristicsHCVLCV
SizeLarger and heavierSmaller and lighter
Weight16+ tonsLess than 7.5 tons
Payload Capacity9-29 tonsUp to 3.5 tons
Fuel EfficiencyLowerHigher
Fuel UseDieselDiesel or CNG
CostMore expensiveLess expensive
TypesTractor trailers, dump trucks, tankers, etc.Pickup trucks, vans, mini trucks, etc.

HCV vs. LCV: Differences in Usage

The designs of HCVs and LCVs are similar. But they have distinct applications. We’ll walk you through the differences so that you can choose which commercial vehicle is best for your specific requirement. We will also share a few examples of application-wise usage of HCV and LCV.

LCVs are typically used for local deliveries and small business needs. They are ideal for transporting light to medium loads over short distances. Some common examples of LCV applications include courier services, small-scale retail deliveries, and local transport services. LCVs, such as mini trucks or vans, are a great option for fast and efficient delivery of small packages, perishable goods, or medical supplies. Due to their compact size LCVs can navigate narrow streets and alleys with ease, thus reducing the risk of accidents and damage to the cargo.

In contrast, HCVs are designed for long-haul transportation and heavy equipment hauling over long distances. Common examples of HCV applications include freight forwarding, transportation of heavy equipment, and long-distance deliveries. HCVs, such as trailers or container trucks, are used to transport heavy machinery, construction materials, or large quantities of goods in bulk.

For delivering furniture or appliances, an LCV would be suitable for navigating through narrow streets and delivering to residential areas with limited access.

If you are required to transport heavy equipment, machinery, and building materials to job sites for construction purposes, an HCV would be necessary to accommodate larger loads and provide the necessary power and stability.

Both HCV and LCV have specific regulations and guidelines for transporting dangerous goods. If you are transporting hazardous materials or chemicals that require specialised handling and safety measures, be sure to choose the appropriate vehicle based on the nature of the cargo.

If you require temperature-controlled transportation for transportation of frozen or refrigerated goods such as food or pharmaceuticals, both HCV and LCV  with insulated containers or refrigerated units can be used. This ensures that your goods stay fresh and intact during transit.

Similarly, in a business that requires frequent and regular transportation of goods, such as e-commerce or logistics services, both HCV and LCV could be a cost-effective and reliable solution for managing your supply chain efficiently by meeting on-time customer demands.

The choice between HCV and LCV  largely depends on the specific requirements of your business or personal needs. An LCV would be suitable if you run a small business that requires delivery within a specific area. An HCV would be more appropriate if you require transportation of heavy goods over long distances.

LCVs are generally smaller and more agile than HCVs, and they may only be suitable for some types of cargo or delivery needs. Similarly, HCVs may not be cost-effective for smaller businesses that require only local deliveries. 


We have covered the introduction to commercial vehicles, their types, and their differences.

To summarise, choosing between HCV and LCV  depends on various factors, such as cargo size and weight, the distance of transportation, and specific business or personal requirements.

At Vahak, we offer both HCV and LCV for hire and purchase. A secure transportation experience is guaranteed by our reliable and affordable commercial vehicles. Our team can guide you in selecting the best-suited commercial vehicle for your specific requirements. Head over to  Vahak to learn more.

Leave a Reply

Premium Crown
Premium Crown
Vahak Premium

Benefits of Using Vahak Premium

Fill Check Verified and Trusted Loads
Fill Check Fully Transparent bidding/negotiation process
Fill Check 24/7 Customer Support
Fill Check Secured and RBI Compliant Payment Gateway
Fill Check E-POD Access & Download
Fill Check Dedicated Key Account Manager
Fill Check Real time Tracking of the Load through SIM Tracking
Fill Check Real time status update by KAM/Driver
Fill Check Cargo Insurance with additional cost of 80% on Actual for first 10 Fulfilment
%d bloggers like this: