The transportation industry is essential to the growth of India’s economy, one of the fastest-growing in the world. The country’s extensive roads, trains, and ports form an integrated national transportation infrastructure. When it comes to transporting goods and commodities across the country, trucks play a crucial role. The trucking business accounts for about 14% of India’s GDP due to its vital role in connecting producers, distributors, and end users.
The trucking business is already vital to the Indian economy and will become even more so as the demand for commodities rises and e-commerce grows. When transporting goods, businesses must have a firm grasp on the many types of trucks available and the tasks they’re most suited for. This piece will examine the many truck categories sold in India.
Light Commercial Vehicles (LCVs)
LCVs, or light commercial vehicles, have a gross vehicle weight rating of fewer than 3.5 tons and are typically employed for local deliveries inside urban areas. These types of truck help transport items to stores, small enterprises, and households due to their carrying capacity of up to 3.5 tons. About 456,000 light commercial vehicle (LCV) trucks were sold in India in the 2022 fiscal year.
Pickup trucks, minivans, and small trucks are all examples of LCVs, which are adaptable and available in various body styles. They provide an efficient and low-cost transportation option for startups and small businesses. E-commerce enterprises also rely on LCVs to convey smaller loads of goods.
LCVs’ many benefits include their manageability, efficiency, and small footprint. When compared to larger commercial vehicles, their price is also more reasonable. However, their smaller size means they may be unable to accommodate large or bulky items.
Medium Commercial Vehicles (MCVs)
MCVs, or medium-sized commercial vehicles, transport goods over shorter to medium distances, typically within the same state or a neighbouring one. Transporting raw materials, completed goods, and consumer goods is the typical usage for MCVs because of their high carrying capacity (up to 7.5 tons).
Larger commercial vehicles (MCVs) are available in a wider variety of body styles than their smaller counterparts. Having a higher carrying capacity than LCVs without the need for the utilisation of HCVs makes them perfect for small and medium-sized businesses.
They are the types of trucks used in logistics and have several benefits. They are more manageable than heavy commercial vehicles and can get through tight spaces. However, their cargo capacity is lower than that of HCVs; therefore, there might be better options for transporting big or bulky items.
Heavy Commercial Vehicles (HCVs)
HCVs, or heavy commercial vehicles, can transport more than 7.5 tons of cargo across long distances, typically between states. Heavy goods vehicles (HCVs) help transport things like heavy machinery, building supplies, and extensive consumer items.
The different types of trucks in HCV include the flatbed truck, the container truck, and the tanker truck. Large companies that need to transport goods over long distances and have a bigger carrying capacity than MCVs will benefit significantly from using these vehicles.
The advantages of HCVs include their long lifespan, large carrying capacity, and sturdiness. They can go over uneven ground and endure severe weather because of their sturdy construction. However, their massive size makes them tricky to operate in congested urban areas. Their operation and maintenance costs are higher than those of LCVs and MCVs.
Multi-Axle Vehicles (MAVs)
Transporting goods over large distances and between cities requires using multi-axle vehicles. They have several axles, increasing their carrying capacity and distributing weight more evenly. Machines, steel, and cement are just some examples of oversized, bulky items that MAVs may transport because of their carrying capacity of up to 49 tons.
Multiple-Axis Vehicles (MAVs) comprise various layouts, from 6×2 to 8×2. Modern Aerial Vehicles (MAVs) have cutting-edge safety features like electronic stability controls (ESC), lane departure warning systems (LDWS), and anti-lock braking systems (ABS). These additions make driving the truck, even while loaded down, a safe and secure experience.
Heavy-duty trucks called “tippers” or “dump trucks” haul aggregates like sand, gravel, and cement for building projects. Cargo areas can be inclined using hydraulic systems, making unloading easier. When moving materials to and from building sites, tipper trucks are a typical sight. The value of the Indian tipper truck market was $1.65 billion in 2018, and experts predict it will increase to $3.10 billion by 2024, a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of over 11%.
You can have a tipper truck in various wheelbase lengths, from 4 to 8 wheels. Tipper trucks may haul anything from 2.5 tons to 30 tons. Advanced safety measures, including anti-lock brakes and electronic stability control (ESC), are standard on today’s tipper trucks.
Refrigerated trucks, commonly known as reefers, have refrigeration systems installed to keep the cargo area at a constant temperature. Perishable items, including fruits, vegetables, and dairy products, are transported using them. Transporting goods between cities and across long distances frequently requires refrigerated trucks.
These types of transport trucks come in various sizes, from compact vans to massive semis. They have a cooling system that can keep goods from -30 degrees Celsius to +30 degrees Celsius. The cargo area’s temperature remains constant thanks to the refrigeration unit, powered by its engine or a generator when the truck is parked.
The driver of a refrigerated truck may keep tabs on the interior environment by way of high-tech monitoring devices that display data like the current temperature and humidity levels. If the cargo’s temperature rises above or below the predetermined range, the monitoring system will notify the driver immediately.
Tankers are trucks specifically built to transport liquids, including gasoline, diesel, chemicals, and even some types of food. Different liquids require different container sizes and shapes for safe transport over different distances. Tankers are frequently seen on highways and at major transportation hubs nationwide, transporting liquids in bulk.
Oil and gas, chemical, and food and beverage sectors use tankers. Oil tankers transport petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. A wide range of chemicals, from acids and corrosives to hazardous compounds, can be transported using chemical tankers. Milk, water, fruit juice, wine, and other beverages are the types of truck loads transported in food-grade tankers.
The trucking sector in India has come a long way, and the numerous truck categories available now meet various transportation requirements. There’s a truck for every job, hauling perishable food or industrial machinery. The need for transportation services is expected to rise alongside India’s expanding economy; therefore, firms must invest in the appropriate trucks.
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