Transportation Policies/Rules

Need A Commercial Vehicle Driving License? Remember These 15 Points

Commercial Vehicle License

Industrial automobiles are a crucial element of the economy, facilitating transportation for commodities and individuals nationwide. To handle an industrial vehicle, drivers must have a commercial vehicle operator license. This write-up will encompass all the details regarding driving license commercial vehicles in India. It includes their definition, dissimilarities from other licenses, and the guidelines and restrictions governing them.

What Is A Commercial Vehicle (CV) License? How Is It Different From Other Licenses?

A commercial license is a driving license that authorises drivers to drive commercial vehicles like trucks, buses, and taxis. The Regional Transport Office (RTO) grants it, and the commercial driving license validity is three years. To acquire a commercial vehicle permit, drivers must have a regular driving license for at least one year.

A commercial truck license differs from a regular driving license in many ways. Firstly, the criteria for obtaining a commercial vehicle permit are more rigorous. Besides having a regular driving license for at least one year, drivers must also pass a written test and a practical driving test specifically for commercial vehicles.

In addition, there are varied classifications for commercial vehicle permits depending on the kind of vehicle the driver operates. To illustrate, a bus driver with a driving license commercial is only authorised to drive a truck if they have acquired an additional license for that specific vehicle category.

Moreover, stricter measures are applied to enforce commercial vehicle permits. For instance, commercial vehicle operators must maintain a record book documenting their driving and resting hours. They may be subjected to on-the-spot inspections to verify their adherence to safety protocols.

What Are The Rules & Regulations Regarding Commercial Vehicle Licenses?

The Motor Vehicles Act of 1988 and the Central Motor Vehicles Rules of 1989 are responsible for regulating commercial vehicle permits in India. These laws specify the criteria for acquiring a commercial vehicle license and the guidelines that oversee the operation of commercial vehicles on Indian roads.

First, one must obtain a standard driving license for the relevant vehicle category to obtain a commercial truck license. It necessitates passing both a written and practical driving test, which evaluates the applicant’s knowledge of traffic laws and ability to operate the vehicle safely.

After obtaining a standard driving license, one can apply for a commercial vehicle driving license. This license’s prerequisites depend on the type of commercial vehicle and the state where you obtain the license. Nonetheless, some universal regulations that apply to all commercial vehicle permits in India are mentioned below:

Age Prerequisites

To acquire a commercial truck license in India, an individual must be at least 18 years old. However, the minimum age requirement may be higher for specific categories of commercial vehicles, such as heavy goods vehicles or passenger buses.

Health Requirements

Commercial vehicle drivers must be in sound health and free from physical or mental ailments that could hinder their ability to drive safely. Before obtaining a driving license commercial, drivers must undergo a medical examination and present a medical certificate issued by a registered medical practitioner.

Training Prerequisites

Aside from passing a theoretical and practical driving test, commercial vehicle drivers must also undergo specialised training in operating the specific type of vehicle they will be driving. This training must be provided by a registered driving school or training institute.

Requirements For Vehicles

Commercial vehicles must comply with specific safety and regulatory standards to operate on roads in India. These standards comprise appropriate vehicle registration, insurance, and regular maintenance to ensure the vehicle is fit for the road.

Requirements For Permits

Depending on the kind of commercial vehicle used, drivers may need to obtain additional licenses or permits to drive on specific routes or in certain states. For instance, drivers of passenger buses may need to secure a separate permit for interstate travel.

Regulations For Hours Of Service

Commercial vehicle drivers must adhere to stringent regulations regarding their service hours. These regulations limit the time they can drive without taking a break. These rules aim to prevent driver fatigue and minimise the risk of road accidents in India.

Weight And Dimension Restrictions

To ensure safe passage on Indian roads, drivers must ensure their vehicles are not overloaded and comply with all weight and size restrictions.

Limits On Velocity

To ensure safety on Indian roads, there are speed limits for commercial vehicles. Drivers must adhere to all posted speed limits and adjust their speed based on traffic and road conditions.

Driving license for commercial trucks

Protective Gear

To guarantee secure manoeuvring on Indian roads, protective features like safety belts, front and back lights, and brake lights are mandatory in commercial vehicles. Before driving, it is the driver’s responsibility to ensure that these features are fully functional.

Adherence To Regulations

All commercial vehicle operators in India must observe and follow the relevant rules and regulations. Non-compliance can lead to penalties, fines, or even cancellation of the commercial vehicle driving license.

The guidelines and directives about licenses for commercial vehicles may differ slightly across states. Therefore, consulting with your nearby RTO for precise prerequisites is crucial. 

Further Requirements To Attain A Commercial License

Apart from the lawful criteria for acquiring and upholding a driving license commercial, some specific competencies and attributes are fundamental for triumph in this occupation. These consist of the following:

  1. Secure Driving: Commercial vehicle operators should possess expertise and proficiency in manoeuvring their way through heavy traffic and unfavourable road conditions while ensuring safety.

  2. Time Planning: Drivers should have adequate time management skills to ensure timely arrival at their destinations and meet delivery schedules.

  3. Client Relations: Drivers may have to engage with customers or passengers; hence they must have excellent communication skills and prioritise customer satisfaction.

  4. Quick Thinking: Drivers should be able to think critically and respond promptly to unforeseen circumstances or emergencies.

  5. Physical Endurance: Commercial vehicle driving can be arduous, requiring drivers to sit for extended periods and engage in repetitive actions such as gear shifting or pedal usage.
Driving commercial vehicles

Final Thoughts

Commercial vehicle driving can offer a satisfying and gratifying profession but requires considerable expertise, understanding, and accountability. Suppose you aspire to become a commercial vehicle driver. In that case, comprehending the regulations and criteria for a commercial vehicle driving license is crucial, as possessing the necessary abilities and characteristics for triumph in this field.

By now, you know what commercial driver’s license is and the importance of adhering to the directives established by the RTO. Follow these rules to guarantee that you remain a secure and compliant driver while providing dependable and effective conveyance for goods and individuals nationwide. 

For more queries, contact the Vahak team today and get reliable information on obtaining a commercial license!

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