The fuel prices in India have recently hit alarming levels. If you drive a truck, then you are aware of how much fuel they consume. However, for transporting heavy cargo, there’s no better option than relying on trucks.
People usually trade their heavy-duty trucks with vehicles that utilize less fuel. However, if you are in the transport services field, your business needs trucks. A good way of improving truck mileage is to ensure your truck covers more distance with every full tank. This can be accomplished by modifying and also by utilizing best practices while driving.
Can installing modifications improve truck mileage?
Trucks are usually fuel-inefficient. Drivers try to improve the performance of their vehicles by installing cold air intakes, free flow exhausts etc. While these may help maintain your truck mileage to an extent, their benefits are negligible. These parts are also expensive to get. A better option is following proper driving techniques and paying close attention to your truck's health.
How to enhance truck mileage & save fuel
There’s a variety of things one can do to increase the mileage of their trucks, some of the ways to do so are listed below:
This may seem surprising to many at first, but using the wrong kind of fuel is one of the main reasons engine health decreases over time. To get better truck mileage, sometimes drivers choose cheaper and less efficient fuel. This ends up damaging the fuel efficiency of your truck and reducing its mileage in the long run. It’s better to choose a fuel that the truck manufacturer suggests.
Another simple trick that is often overlooked, especially when drivers are stuck in traffic. Switching off your engine when not in use can go a long way in increasing your truck mileage.
A well-functioning fuel injector sprays a finer mist of fuel than other injectors. This mist of fuel is much easier to ignite and increases mileage by utilizing all of the fuel that the fuel injector sprays into the cylinder.
In addition to switching off the engine during traffic, it's essential to avoid commonly congested roads. If you already know your destination and the stops you need to make, you can plan your journey so that the shortest route covers it. Google Maps & modern GPS also come with features that show the traffic density of your route. Plan your journeys accordingly.
Driving through the hot temperatures of the day can be very exhausting. Truck drivers also need to travel through various terrains full of dust and uphill climbs. Using an air conditioner significantly impacts your truck mileage. If used uphill, the engine needs to perform with higher capacity, resulting in more fuel usage. Whenever possible, switch off your air conditioner and roll down your windows. If necessary, park your trucks in the shadows of sheds while you take breaks, so it does not heat when you return.
Dust and dirt usually accumulate within the air filters of the truck resulting in clogging. This tends to block the passage of airflow. Regular cleaning of your air filters will ensure your engine consistently receives airflow. This in turn increases the truck mileage.
Transport services providers understand that loading more cargo per trip is the most economical choice. However, it is essential to note that every truck has a specific loading capacity. Overloading your truck with more cargo than the prescribed amount directly affects the health of your engine and subsequently the truck mileage.
The aerodynamics of any vehicle affects wind resistance and drag. This, in turn, affects the fuel consumption of your vehicle and the truck mileage. If you overload your truck, you may pile cargo on top of another, creating drag. The higher the drag, the more fuel your truck will consume. Ensure you don’t pile things upon the vehicle roof unless necessary. You can also install a bed cover for your truck that will enhance your vehicle’s aerodynamics.
Truck drivers often undervalue the importance of tyres and their role in increasing the mileage of their vehicle. Low tyre pressure adds resistance, forcing your engine to consume more fuel. That’s why it is recommended to keep the tyre inflated at stipulated air pressure levels or higher. Try and make a habit of checking your truck's tyre pressure once every week or before long journeys. You can easily find the correct tyre pressure level for your vehicle by looking at the driver’s side door details.
Experienced drivers know that stability while driving is key to better performance. Unnecessary acceleration and deceleration can greatly affect your fuel capacity. This happens even if drivers apply brakes quite often. A simple solution is to maintain a constant cruising speed that allows your truck to go over speed breakers smoothly and also boosts the truck mileage.
Often overlooked by many, timely maintenance and preventive care can do wonders for the health of your truck's engine. Check your truck for wheel alignment, engine tuning, etc., as these all affect the mileage of your vehicle.
Trucks are a source of livelihood for many, and innumerable businesses rely on them. And at Vahak, we understand this best! With a network of over 10 lakh transporters and a presence in 15,000+ cities PAN-India, we understand your transport service business. Download our app today to book the loads of your choice for 0% commission and grow your transport services business!